Automobile Origin


In the second half of the 18th century, Watt’s improved steam engine officially kicked off the first industrial revolution. Machine production gradually replaced manual operations. With the help of metallurgy and electrical engineering, German engineer Nicholas Otto developed an epochal vertical four-stroke internal combustion engine in 1861.

Based on this, Carl Benz made a single-cylinder four-stroke gasoline engine which was installed on a three-wheeled frame made of steel pipes and wooden boards in 1885. The tires of the car were made of steel spokes and round rubber and by rotating handle to drive the gear to complete the front wheel steering.

In the following year, Benz applied for an invention patent for this car, and the world’s first internal combustion engine car “Motor Wagon” was born. Year 1886 was then considered the birth year of automobile.

Feature Exhibits

Benz Patent-Motorwagon(1886)

Feature Exhibits

Napier 15HP(1910)

Brass Era


The speed of change in the times always exceeds people’s expectations. At first, cars that were not favored or even regarded as “clumsy monsters”. They were then widely accepted by society and replaced horse carriages as transportation. It was due to the rapid increase in production efficiency with mechanical drives.

Upper classes’ pursuit of novel things has intensified the market demand for models with unique appearance, fancy interiors and spacious seating spaces.

Automobile manufacturers have begun to use highly metallic brass accessories to decorate the exquisite workmanship of the brass grille, polished brass headlights, delicate brass horns, sophisticated brass chassis and engines, etc. The luxuary design made the car look like as if it was wearing a gold armor. This period of automobile design and production is therefore also known as the “Brass Era”

Chaos Age




Feature Exhibits

Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost( 1923 年 )

Feature Exhibits

Auburn 851( 1935年 )

Art-deco Era


装饰艺术(Art Deco)运动是20世纪初发源于法国巴黎、后兴起于欧美、具有重要历史意义的设计艺术运动。伴随现代工业的强势发展,设计师力求将古典主义的繁复奢华与现代工业的精炼简洁相融合,强调机械动力美和理性设计。


Postwar Era




Feature Exhibits

Cadillac Eldorado(1959)

Feature Exhibits

Lamborghini Jalpa(1986)

Modern Era


The 1970s were turbulent years for automakers and buyers with major events reshaping the industry such as the 1973 oil crisis, stricter automobile emissions control and safety requirements, increasing exports by the Japanese and European automakers, as well as growth in inflation and the stagnant economic conditions in many nations. Smaller-sized cars grew in popularity. 

To the end of the 20th century, the United States Big Three (GM, Ford, and Chrysler) partially lost their leading position, Japan became for a while the world’s leader of car production and cars began to be mass manufactured in new Asian, East European, and other countries.